Category Archives: Automotive

Top Common Automotive Problems with Simple Fixes

26 Aug 16
handyman
, ,
No Comments

There are rare times your vehicle breaks down on you and you will definitely need the help of a mechanic. Most of these times  can be  a headache-  some problems your vehicle are causing are simple ones  you can fix yourself and save some money, sometimes lots of money.

You may be thinking, “But I am not a mechanic. How do I gain the abilities to repair my broken down car out of the blue?” – Worry no more, because this article will point out on the top common problems you could face with your vehicle and simple DIY tips to get them solved.

Now without boring you with many stories, why don’t we get ourselves equipped with solutions that have been tested and proven to help solve common arising automotive problems? Sit tight and read on, as you get exposed the knowledge every mechanic wishes you never knew.

Top Common Automotive Problem, How to diagnose them and Simple Fixes

Problem:  ABS issues

Diagnose It: A vehicle’s ABS control module is meant to notify the vehicle operator with a visual signal ( Light ) if there’s a malfunction within the system. Seldom could it be a malfunction in the module or ABS itself. it’s usually one or a lot of sensors, or the wiring to the sensors. The foremost common ABS issues occur once sensors become contaminated with rubble or metal shavings.

Problem additionally occurs once detector wiring becomes broken, leading to intermittent or no continuity. In additional corrosive environments or serious brake neglect, brake fluid will become contaminated and therefore the hydraulic control unit fails to operate.

Fix It: If you’ve got a tangle within the ABS wires,  physically check all wiring and also the brake sensors initially. Once checking the brake sensors, search for metal shavings and alternative rubble that might lead to a false reading to the electronic ABS controller. A false signal that causes the ABS to trigger when it shouldn’t, or not operate when it ought to.

You may not have an ABS scan tool handy.
however most shops can have one available and therefore the scan tool is priceless if you can’t notice a physical reason for your ABS issues. When the scan tool produces a fault code, you’ll be able to proceed with your ABS troubleshooting. Regardless of the problem, the repair is way easier once a fault is established. Here is a small list of things that might be needed to fix the problem.
*****Links below will take you straight to the products on the Amazon website. I Do Not get any of your information. Links are provided for ease of access*****

1.Di-Electric Grease / White metal Grease

2.Socket wrench / Metric socket set

3.Soldering Gun


4.Heat shrink tube


5.Wire brush

6.Lighter or heat gun – I use a heat gun


Problem: Issues starting the Engine.

Diagnose It: Your car either takes an extended time to start, or the car merely won’t start at all.

Fix It: There are varieties of reasons which may cause a car engine not to start, the foremost common; cause might be a dead battery. Pay more special attention to the sound it makes after you flip the key. Is it that the car is fully silent? If thus, there could also be resistance due to corrosion with your battery terminal cable connections. Will your car crank over however not start? Then it should be the spark plugs or fuel supply to the engine. In any case, if you’re out on the road, attempt jump starting i.e. Start the engine of your car by connecting the battery to the battery of another car by using one of two cables to start the car.

 

Problem: Uneven Wear Tire.

Diagnose it: it should not be obvious once driving that your car’s tires are erratically worn, however worn tires may be dangerous because of their reduced grip on the road. a fast check can tell you if your tires are worn erratically. the best approach is to raise your automobile safely and using jack stands in the manufacturers recommended spot and examine every tire one by one, noting whether or not there are any bald spots on the within or outside of the tire, or whether or not there are any dips and dents within the tire tread.

Fix it: Rotating your tires and having your wheels aligned frequently.

In terms of how usually you ought to get your tires revolved, it’s totally different for each vehicle and sort of tire, however having them revolved at each car care may be a sensible rule of thumb. consult with the tire manufacturer for an additional specific time-frame. keep in mind that the additional usually you rotate your tires, the additional equally they’ll wear, and once you have the tires revolved, you ought to conjointly get them checked for balance and alignment.

 

Problem: Engine Overheating.

Diagnose it: You will notice steam or smoke coming from under your hood, or the needle on your engine temperature gauge could also be through the roof.

Fix it: Heating can be caused by many various factors. The only cause could also be that your car needs more fluid. Nevertheless depleted fluid can be caused by larger problem, like leaks or faulty hoses, thus perpetual checking for the underlying cause before merely filling it up with additional. Another common reason for heating could also be that the radiator fan that keeps your engine cool is faulty, thus check your fan motor connection and fan thermostat with the engine cooled down , battery unhooked , and the car not running.

 

Problem: Screeching brakes.

Diagnose It: You’ll comprehend it once you hear it! It will gives you unpleasant sounds and may give you smoke

Fix It: There could be variety of reasons for screeching brakes. It might be that your brake pads are loose, worn out, otherwise you could have brake dirt within the drum. If you can’t see something wrong along with your brake pads, and you think it should be brake dirt, it should be best to leave this to a professional – brake dirt is very dangerous if accidentally inhaled.

 

Problem: AC / Air Conditioner not working.

Diagnose It: Once your cooling system is switched on, and you notice it’s simply blowing same room-temperature air around instead of cool air temperature it keeps blowing hot air.

Fix It: The foremost possible reason for this can be that there’s no refrigerant left in your automobile system. This might be caused by a leak somewhere in your automobile system, which can need to be fixed before refilling the refrigerant. If you’re automobile –savvy and you own a set of air-con gauges, refilling the refrigerant is sometimes simple to try and do yourself. However, if you’re not therefore assured, never hesitate to satisfy a knowledgeable friend or take a quick trip to the automobile mechanic.

 

 

 

 

 

MAINTENANCE

  1. Regular changing of oil: – Oil change is considered easy to do yourself with certain things to be done in other to prevent problem or to avoid danger. Avoid changing of oil after driving your car is recently used since it can be very hot. You should wait at least a certain couple of hours after driving your car to change the oil. And the tools for do it yourself {DIY} oil replacement are ratchet, oil filter, wrench, funnel, new oil, and oil container.
  2. ABS sensors: – ABS sensors can cause the ABS light to show on cars’ dashboards if dirty or faulty. An ABS sensor requires cleaning while replacing brake pads to save time, if possible. You can quickly run diagnose or check your vehicle with the ABS bus.
  3. Brake pads: – Always keep brake pads in good and effective conditions to avoid car accidents and injury. Brake pads are the most important component of the brake system in a vehicle that should be properly maintained .the basic tools for changing brake pads are a c-clamp, lug wrench, Allen wrenches, hammer, and jack, among other
  4. Checking the spark plugs:- This is a simple do it yourself {DIY} procedure which can make your vehicle have more better fuel consuming rate and drive smoother. Spark plugs for most vehicles are cheap. Checking the plug wires is necessary while replacing spark plugs of your vehicle
  5. Air filter replacement: – Blocked air filters reduce the vehicle performances on many levels. Changing the vehicle’s filter will extend the power and fuel consuming rate. Filter replacement is one of the easiest ways to do it yourself {DIY} vehicle repairs to do for worn out filters
  6. Suspension exhaust pipes: – If you hear any automotive noises from the rear of your car, it may be a broken pipe holders or structure. Most vehicles use rubber loops to stop exhaust pipes which is able to be broken over time. Look below your vehicle for any broken hangers inside the exhaust pipe and alter consequently.
  7. Blown fuses. If your headlights are out, it may be from a blown fuse. Check the car’s fuse box to see which of the fuse wants replacement. There are 3 main kinds of automotive fuses that are glass tube, blade, or ceramic. Review your automotive owner’s manual to search out the situation of fuse boxes and kind of fuse needed to be changed. Provides it a better look to ascertain for the burnt half or use meter reading to observe the blown fuse.
  8. Automotive batteries. The battery is the main center of a car’s electrical mechanism. Use require/appropriate hand wear and eye protection to avoid acid injury from the battery if it turns out you have got swollen battery. Check the previous battery with a meter to examine if it’s the right charge. Batteries with fewer than 9.7 volts whereas starting an engine, ought to get replaced for many vehicles. Automobile battery required to be check often and clean.

 

 

  1. Fuel filters. The fuel filters should have an average price of at-least $15-20 depending on the automotive model; however it can save many dollars from engine damage if changed regularly. The fuel filters are very important to keep fuel injection system and carburetor systems clean and working perfectly. Do note that it is having the power to release the fuel system pressure before replacing the filter to avoid damage or injury.
  2. Vehicles Radiator Flush. Automobiles’ cooling systems and radiators ought to be cleaned to keep engines cool. Radiators will build deposits what will clog the cooling system. Perform regular a radiator flushes to keep the cooling system in a good and best condition. Before removing the radiator cap, to flush the radiator, confirm the engine is cool.
  3. Fuel Indicator Sender. If you’re running low on fuel on a relentless basis, the fuel tank gauge would possibly want replacement. Several cars have these units placed underneath seats supported the manufacturer. Review the owner’s manual to verify the situation of the fuel sender unit, and if accessible, change constantly.
  4. Brake discs. Mix dynamic crooked brake discs with brake pad replacement to avoid wasting time if required. Crooked brake discs will damage entire automotive axles if not corrected in time.
  5. Removing Damaged Screws. If you have got a broken screw’s head, some steps should be taken to get rid of it properly. Drills are prompt to get rid of damaged screws with diameters to drill a hole within the screw’s head center. Once the screw’s head separates from the body, it ought to be simple to get rid of.
  6. Vehicles Signal Relays. Flip signals are simple to troubleshoot, if signal relays area unit at fault. Bad visual signal relays will create flip signals stop blinking. Check the signal relay setup of your automotive for visual signal problems.
  7. Windscreen Wipers. Replace the worn out strips of rubber found on old wipers with new ones. Amend screen wipers for optimum driving conditions throughout rain. Basic tools are required sort of a screwdriver and new wipers to fix them. You’ll be able to fully amend the full wiper for better view.

All automotive is going to have an unusual way and there’ll be inevitably number of things you cannot understand or cannot get to. The main purpose to recollect is that automotive repairs aren’t as tough as they give the impression of being and it’s pretty exhausting to screw things up. Even newer cars with a lot of newer technologies have components which will be repaired in your private road and it’s simply a matter of trusting yourself to try and do it. Obtaining over your worry of automotive repair is comparable to do it yourself {DIY} during a number of how, and fixing your automotive is a lot of self-control than the rest.

“If your not a car-savvy person,  but with this you’ve been reading so far will makes you to know top commons problems automotive have and ways to Fix or Maintain a Car or a Vehicle. Thus, it is advisable to read and check your owner’s manual on how to Repair” 

Understanding Automotive Electricity – The Basics You Need to Know

19 Aug 16
handyman
, , ,
No Comments

 

A car’s electrical system is a closed circuit that has an independent source of power, the battery. This operates on small fraction of the power used by household circuits.

Aside from the main charging, ignition and starting circuits, there are other circuits which power electric motors, lights, the sensors and gauges of the electrical instruments, magnetically operated locks, heating elements, the radio and others.

Every circuit is closed and opened either by switches or relays, the remote switches being operated by the electromagnets.

The current flows along one cable from the battery to the component that is being powered and back again to the battery through the metal body of the car. A thick cable connects the body to the battery’s earth terminal.

The Earth-Return System

When you speak of negative earth-return system, current here is flowing from the positive terminal towards the operated component. This component is earthed to the body of the car that is earthed to the battery’s negative terminal.

This kind of circuit is known as the earth-return system, and any part of this that is connected to the body of the car is said to be earthed.

The current’s strength is being measured in terms of amperes. The pressure that this drives around the circuit is known as voltage. The modern cars have 12-volt battery, with is capacity being measured in amp per hour. A batter of 56 amps per hour is expected to deliver a 1 amp current for 56 hours or 2 amps for a span of 28 hours.

Once the battery voltage dropped, there will be less current low and gradually, there won’t be enough to make all components work.

Resistance, Voltage and Current

The extent to which wires resist the current flow is known as resistance and this is being measured in ohms. Thinner wires can conduct less easily compared to thick ones since there is lesser room where the electrons can travel through.

Energy required for pushing the current through a resistance is being transformed to heat. But, a component with high current consumption shouldn’t be connected using too thin wires or these might overheat, blow or fuse or even burn out.

 

Negative and Positive Polarity

Electricity from a battery flows in a single direction alone and several components work only when the flow through them is in the right direction.

Such acceptance of a single-way flow is referred to as polarity. In majority of cars, the negative battery terminal is being earthed while the positive one is feeding the electrical system.

This is known as the negative earth system and when you purchase an electrical accessory, make sure that it is the kind suitable for your vehicle’s system. Using a radio with incorrect polarity might damage the set although many car radios have external switch to set the polarity to suit that of the vehicle. You have to switch to the right setting prior to fitting.

Fuses and Short Circuits

If a wire with wrong size is used, or if the wire gets disconnected or broken, this might cause an unwanted short circuit that bypasses the component’s resistance. The wire’s current might get dangerously high, melting the wire or causing a fire.

Usually, the fuse box is found in a cluster of components. To guard against this, the ancillary circuits come with fuses. The most common kind of fuse is a short length thin wire enclosed in heatproof casing, usually made of glass. The fuse wire’s size is the thinnest which can carry the usual current of the circuit without necessarily overheating and this is rated in terms of amps.

Sudden surge of high current in short circuit can melt the fuse wire or blow that can break the circuit. If it happens, see of if there is a disconnection or short circuit then install a brand new fuse of the right amperage rating.

There are a lot of fuses, all of which protect a certain small group of components so that a single blown fuse will not shut down the entire system. Most of the fuses are being grouped together in a single fuse box yet there might also be line fuses in the wiring.

Parallel Circuits and Series

Typically, a circuit includes more than a single component like bulbs in lighting circuits. It does matter whether these are connected in parallel side by side or in series one after the other.

For example, a headlamp bulb has been designed to a have a resistance degree so that it will consume a certain current for it to glow normally. However, there are at least two headlamps connected to the circuit. If these were connected in series, the electric current will need to go through one of the headlamps to reach the other.

The current is going to encounter the resistance two times and the double resistance is going to half the current for the bulbs to glow feebly. A parallel connection of the bulb means that the electricity will go through each bulb just once.

Ancillary Circuits

A vehicle’s starter motor has its own designated cable coming directly from the battery. It is the ignition circuit that furnishes high tension impulses to sparkplugs, with the generator included in the charging system that recharges the battery. The rest of the circuits are known as ancillary or subsidiary circuits.

Majority is being wired through the ignition switch for them to work only once the ignition has been switched on. It will prevent you from accidentally leaving switched on that can make the battery go flat. However, the tail and side lights that you might need to leave on when the vehicle is parked, are always independently wired of the ignition switch.

If you fit extra accessories, like the rear window heater than can consume heavy current, wire this all the time through the ignition switch.

Several ancillary components can be easily operated without turning on the ignition by turning the switch to auxiliary position. The radio is typically wired through the switch for this to be played even when the engine is turned off.

Understanding Alternating Current (AC) vs. Direct Current (DC) – Which is Better?

11 Aug 16
handyman
, , , , ,
No Comments

What is the main difference between AC or alternating current and DC or direct current?
Based on its name, direct current is an electric current travelling in just a single direction as compared to alternating current that occasionally reverses direction. Negative and positive poles in an electric or magnetic field create a condition wherein electrons flow, known as polarity. Direct current system has fixed polarity where a single pole is positive all the time while the other is negative at all times.

On the other hand, an alternating current continuously reverses polarity at a rate that is identified by its frequency. This frequency is being measured in terms of Hz or hertz that is equal to a single cycle per second. In the United States, they make use of 60 Hz while 50 Hz is used in Europe. For instance, Japan uses both, with the western half using 60 Hz and the eastern half makes use of 50 Hz. Majority of today’s appliances are being manufactured in order to accommodate the two frequencies.
During the late 1880s when modern electricity started being produced on commercial scale, there was a fierce rivalry that ensued between AC supporters and DC supporters, which is referred to as the War of Currents. Thomas Edison himself was a staunch advocate of DC while George Westinghouse, with the backing of Nikola Tesla promoted AC.

Why Alternating Current Dominated the War of Currents
At the time, it was clear that alternating current was much superior when it comes to transmission of large electricity amounts over large distance mainly because of its ability of easily stepping the voltage up and down. When electricity travels up and down the conductor, it will lose its energy in heat form because of resistance as expressed by Joule’s first law.

It means that energy tends to be lost in proportion to the current. An obvious solution for this was to increase the voltage to reduce the current – higher voltage will equal the ability of lowering the current for similar power. However, it became crucial to transform the voltage both prior and after the long distance lines when distributing it to consumers.

Back then, the issue with direct current was that there was still no viable means of doing this while it was much easier to do so with alternating current. In today’s world, technology became more advanced in which not only is long distance DC viable but there are even instances when it is far more superior than AC in the form of HVDC or high voltage direct current.

Benefits of Direct Current

• DC is about 1.4 times more efficient since it is not a sine wave.
• DC doesn’t lose power to the reactive losses. These reactive losses are the ones suffered by AC lines through heat because of the natural capacitance of the conductive material as well as the back and forth motion of AC.

Benefits of Alternating Current

• Easier and cheaper to transform voltage.
• Due to the alternating current, plugs can be easily inserted in direction as compared to DC that needs one prong bigger than the other to guarantee proper circuit.

Bottom Line
In light of modern technology, alternating current systems are much more economic for the short distances. AC has the benefit of cheaper transformers and DC, on the other hand, has the benefit of cheaper insulators and wire, making it the winner as far as long distances are concerned.

Q&A on Youtube. Is there Helicoil sets for 7/16 bolt diameter- Yes

20 Feb 15
handyman
, , , ,
No Comments

Yes but you need to know what the thread pitch is. Here is a link to two different common thread pitches. I hope this helps.

Here is a video on how to find the bolt size and thread pitch and below is a video on how to use a helicoil set / fix stripped threads. Also are provided safe and trusted Amazon links.

***** If you find this useful , please share on social media. Thank you very much for swing by *****

Various Helicoil Sets and Kits