I recently had a job that I was doing and tore everything apart to find 16 ft. runs with no middle support and very little on each end, ( VERY SCARY ) . I considered using a piece of steel for a ballast beam, but I searched YouTube for an alternative way to install a beam and stumbled on this video. This video gave me a great idea on how to make and install a support beam without killing your back and hiring a big crew to help install. Granted the beam I installed was nowhere as big as this one, but it did the job and remove the sag out of the floors. If you are not comfortable or unsure, you can always higher an engineer. My method if I am unsure, is to build and support it to the extreme and don’t take no shortcuts.Take your time and think of every possible situation that could make it fail, and when you have completed the project, test it by trying your best to make it fail. If it doesn’t fail and still holding strong, then you are done.
I recently had a project that consisted of black mold. I mean it was infested, What we did was rip out all the carpets and drywall, all the way down to the studs. Most of the lower floors and joist were rotted. We used screw jacks to support the load bear beams and walls. We removed anything that was completely rotted of infested. We removed all the electrical wire, Yes it seeped its way inside the insulation of the wire, plus if your doing a project do it right. Now we are down to the cleaning phase, can you guess what we used, Bleach? NO! Bleach only kills the upper layer of the mold and doesn’t penetrate the porous surface of the wood. Granted . we tried it at first, and we tried vinegar . But the best thing we used was Borax. Borax is applied in a water mix and you use a scrub brush to apply. The best thing about borax is that it is a mineral that kills mold and seeps its way in the porous surface and does not have to be wiped off. Granted if its filthy, I would wipe it and re-scrub it. You let it dry completely before putting new building material on. Now when it drys, the borax minerals stay in and on the the wood preventing the mold from returning. Plus Borax is easier on the lungs then bleach. There is more information on this in the links below. Also note when we worked with black mold we used all safety precautions , suits, and respirators .
I am making this post so if any one ever has to make a stand alone sign that they have an idea of how to build one for under $100.00, this particular sign that I made cost exactly $42.88. I am not going into great detail about the sign, I am just putting it out there so you or someone else can have a good idea on how to build one. I hope this helps you out. It is a real estate sign for a customer of mine but i edited the photo to show my logo.
What is PEX?
The full name for this product is cross-linked polyethylene, but it is more commonly known as PEX. This type of tubing is ideal for use in plumbing, including domestic water, and is also often used as insulation for high voltage electrical cables. It can even be utilized in the transportation of sewage and natural gas. This tubing is more flexible than the traditional copper pipes and is more resistant to chlorine.
History of PEX
Remarkably, the very first preparation of PEX material occurred back in the 1930s. At that time, an electron beam irradiated the tube, which was a huge advancement in technology back then. It wasn’t until the 1960s that the cross-linking was developed, by mixing peroxide with the HDPE before extrusion.
In the early half of the 20th century, almost all plumbing pipes were made of galvanized steel, which led to widespread rusting problems. Therefore, in the late 1960s, these pipes were replaced by copper tubing. PEX tubing was first used in hydronic radiant systems from the 1960s onwards, due to its ability to be used in heated water systems, including radiators.
It wasn’t until the 2000s that PEX became widely used in both indoor and outdoor plumbing settings. PEX was used to replace the old copper pipes as well as the more modern PVC pipes, and is exceptionally useful for high-pressurized water purposes.
What Are The Benefits of Using PEX?
The most popular benefit of using PEX is its flexibility. Instead of rigid pipes such as those made from copper and PVC, PEX can be used to bend around corners without needing constant rejoining. In some cases an elbow joint may be required, depending on the bend needed.
The ability of PEX to run directly from a distribution point to an outlet fixture without needed splicing or cutting is a great advantage. This results in a decreased need for joints, thereby lowering the costs involved in setting up your plumbing. Also, water pressure is not affected because of the flexibility of the PEX, meaning there are less sharp turns for the water to travel.
PEX is more cost-effective than the alternative plumbing pipes. Copper has soared in price in recent times, and the cost of using PEX is around 25% cheaper than other tubes or pipes. Another advantage is that is cannot rust, so it doesn’t need to be replaced, and it also is resistant to developing tiny holes and leaks.
Perhaps the most important advantage of using PEX for plumbers is that it is much easier to install than other types of pipes and tubes. There is no need to have to solder metal pipes together, and no glue required as there is for PVC pipes. All you really need is a special crimping tool and PEX connections. By removing the need for the use of soldering, there is also no risk of fire breaking out during installation. Its no wonder so many more plumbers are now opting to use PEX, seeing as it is less labor intensive and a much safer product to use.
Does PEX Tubing Last?
In short, yes. The life of PEX is much better than the original copper or PVC piping, with an average lifespan of around 50 years. The warrantable age range is 25 years however, but this is more to do with protecting the manufacturer than the longevity of the product. If you live in an area where you often suffer freezing temperatures, PEX tubing is a much better alternative, as it takes a lot longer for the tubing to freeze than it does with other products. This doesn’t mean that they won’t burst – every type of tube or pipe will eventually, it just means it takes a lot longer to get to the bursting point. If you are in a reasonably new dwelling, it is still recommended that you drain the pipes during cold seasons.
Are There Any Drawbacks?
As with any other manufactured product on the market, there is always going to be a drawback. The important thing to consider is whether the drawback outweighs the advantages when choosing what type of tubing or piping to use. An important problem to consider is exposure to sunlight. It is not recommended that you use PEX in an area where there is sun exposure as it can degrade the tubing. In some parts of the country certain insects can perforate PEX tubing, but this is not a common problem.
The fittings required to connect the PEX can be a little more expensive than those used for copper pipes. However, as there are fewer connections needed due to the flexibility of the PEX, and no soldering required, the connection cost is generally offset so there is no real added expense. Also, when you are having PEX installed, the labor costs will be much lower as they are a less labor-intensive product to install.
With radiant heating systems that contain ferrous radiators, there is some risk of rust developing over a period of time. To prevent this from occurring, a particular type of PEX that has an oxygen barrier coating is the preferred product to use. Nowadays this is standard practice when installing PEX tubing that connects to heating systems with metal parts.
The use of PEX was blocked for about a decade due to health risk concerns. Some were concerned about the leakage of chemicals into the water either from the pipe materials, or from outside of the pipes. After a lot of investigations and legal debates, it was found that there was no risk to the health of people whatsoever from the installation of PEX.
To summarize, PEX tubing or piping is an easy to install, cost effective method of plumbing both for domestic and commercial purposes. The benefits that have been found with using PEX far outweigh the possible drawbacks that may or may not occur. Plumbers find it extremely easy to use, and much simpler to install due to the flexibility and need for less tube connections.
This is not one of my videos but I had to share because I thought it was a very interesting idea. They say it’s permanent, if you want my opinion. To be honest I never used the stuff and I really could not tell you. But it looks cool.